Hornbills In Vietnam – Bucerotidae
The Bucerotidae family, also known as Hornbills, is a group of distinctive and impressive birds found throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. There are seven Hornbills in Vietnam have been recorded: White-crowned Hornbill, Great Hornbill, Brown Hornbill, Black Hornbill, Oriental Pied-Hornbill, Rufous-necked Hornbill, and Wreathed Hornbill.
The White-crowned Hornbill (Berenicornis comatus) is a medium-sized bird with a distinctive white crown and black body. This species is found in lowland forests and swamp forests of southern Vietnam. The Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) is the largest hornbill species found in Vietnam, with a wingspan of up to 1.5 meters. It is mostly found in the Annamite Mountains and adjacent areas. The Brown Hornbill (Anorrhinus tickelli) is a smaller species with brown plumage and is found in lowland forests in the southern part of the country.
The Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) is a medium-sized hornbill with black plumage and a white tail. It is found in evergreen forests in the southern part of Vietnam and is one of the more common hornbill species in the country. The Oriental Pied-Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) is a striking bird with black and white plumage and a large bill and is found in lowland and foothill forests throughout Vietnam.
The Rufous-necked Hornbill (Aceros nipalensis) is a large bird with a distinctive rufous neck and white belly. It is found in the mountains of northern Vietnam and is one of the rarest hornbill species in the country. The Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus) is a large and colorful species with a black body, white tail, and a bright yellow bill. It is found in the forests of the central and southern parts of Vietnam.
Hornbills are known for their unique bills, which are used for a variety of purposes such as foraging, defense, and courtship displays. They are also known for their impressive vocalizations, which can often be heard echoing through the forest canopy. These birds are generally omnivorous, feeding on a variety of fruits, insects, small animals, and occasionally even small birds.
Unfortunately, many hornbill species are threatened by habitat loss, hunting, and the illegal wildlife trade. Several hornbill species in Vietnam are considered to be at risk of extinction, including the Rufous-necked Hornbill and Wreathed Hornbill. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these species and their habitats, including the establishment of protected areas and captive breeding programs.
In conclusion, hornbills are an important and fascinating group of birds found in Vietnam, with their unique bills, striking plumage, and impressive vocalizations. Despite facing numerous threats, these birds continue to thrive in some parts of the country, and efforts to protect them and their habitats are critical for their survival